Why do we need allergy treatments in Tuscaloosa AL? Natural thing for our immune system is to create antibodies in order to fight off foreign substances to prevent illness. However, there are times that the system can identify a certain substance as harmful even if it is not. When this happens, it is known as an allergic reaction; allergens or substance can be anything such as medication, food, or even environment. When the body comes into contact with such allergens, it may cause symptoms such as sneezing, watery eyes and skin irritation. There are some people for whom allergies may also cause anaphylaxis. This is a life-threatening condition which causes shock, drop in blood pressure and problems with breathing; it can even lead to cardiac arrest and respiratory failure. The parts of the body that may react to an allergy are the digestive system, mouth, skin, nose and airways.
Allergy treatments include over the counter decongestant and antihistamines which may relieve minor symptoms. Antihistamines will prevent some symptoms like hives that block histamine receptor so the body does not react with allergens. Decongestant is used to clear the nose for seasonal allergies. Medication to treat allergies is available in the form of nasal sprays, eye drops, and tablets. There are OTC drugs that may lead to drowsiness, so you may want to avoid those especially if you will be driving or doing something that requires concentration. Itching, redness and swelling can be reduced by topical creams which contain corticosteroids. When the OTC drugs do not work or if you suffer from an allergy to medication; you should always consult a doctor.
In case you eat or get in contact with food that causes you allergy, over the counter drugs may reverse the reaction. However, it will only relieve itching and hives. When you get an allergic reaction to plants like poison sumac, poison oak, or poison ivy, you should not touch other areas of your body to prevent allergic spread. The best thing to do in such situation is to clean the entire area using water with soap for 10 minutes. If the allergy is severe, you should visit the doctor to give you stronger creams or oral steroids to deal with these symptoms. For an insect bite reaction, you can use antihistamine on the hives, swelling and itching while epinephrine, corticosteroids and antihistamines can be used for drug allergy.