Young children are indeed a great bunch. They are naturally endearing with their innocent sensibilities and carefree attitude. But they can also be disruptive and act inappropriately in certain occasions, which is very typical of children.
And sometimes it is difficult to tell whether a child’s misbehavior is normal or is already a sign of something more serious like ADHD. That is why it is important that you take time to identify and spot the apparent ADHD symptoms in children to help you distinguish if it is out of the ordinary.
Normal Behavior Versus ADHD
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD is one of the most common behavior disorders in children, which can continue on into adolescence and adulthood. Children with this condition most often have difficulty staying focused and paying attention, difficulty in controlling their behavior and symptoms of hyperactivity.
More often, these are regarded and mistaken for other problems, like a learning ability, disciplinary problem or poor emotional quotient. To a point that children with ADHD or ADD are labeled as lazy, slow or a troublemaker.
While these behaviors may also be exhibited in normal children behavior, in ADHD, it occurs over a longer period of time within different social settings. Also, it affects the child’s ability to get along with other kids, finish a task at home or at school or succeed in school.
The Three Types of ADHD
We are familiar with this behavioral disorder with a general picture of child that is packed with hyperactive energy. However, that is just one subtype of ADHD. There are actually three subtypes: Predominantly Inattentive, Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive and Combined. They are differentiated according to the behavioral symptoms that they exhibit.
Predominantly Inattentive is also called Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD. It is characterized with symptoms of inattentiveness and is the opposite of what we normally think of ADHD. Children of this subtype generally show inability to pay attention to details, easily get bored and have trouble focusing and sustaining attention in tasks. They are often seen as lazy or aloof and constantly daydream.
In performing tasks at home and in school, they have difficulty in following instructions, make careless mistakes, process information and finish task slowly and are forgetful in doing daily activities. They also tend to have difficulty learning new things and, most often, lose simple things, like pencils and erasers.
This is the most common ADHD subtype and is the one that we are most familiar about. They are characterized with symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsiveness. They can sometimes cause disruptions in school or at home because of their overly active nature.
They always seem to be restless, constantly fidget and squirm when in their seats. They are always on the go, run excessively and have trouble in remaining seated. They also have the impulse to touch things, acts without thinking, say inappropriate comments and talk excessively. Children of this subtype usually have a short temper and exhibit temper tantrums.
The Combined type is diagnosed when more than six symptoms of the inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive type is demonstrated.
We commonly identify ADHD with these negative symptoms. But, it is also important to highlight the positive and distinguishable traits of ADD. They are often creative, sensitive, intuitive, flexible and enthusiastic.
When these unusual behaviors are evident for more than 6 months in your child and has affected at least two aspects his life, you should immediately seek out the advice of a qualified professional. A careful assessment will be done to determine the right treatment for your child to manage the condition. However, a combination of medication and behavioral therapy is employed and usually yield the most desirable outcome.