Essential Steps of CPR

Tuesday, January 07, 2020 • American Fork, UT 84003

Learning how to correctly perform CPR can more than double a person’s chances of surviving when they go into cardiac arrest. While you can pick this skill up by reading this article, it’s highly recommended that you take a CPR class and earn the correct certification. 

You never know when the time might strike. Cardiac arrest can happen after a car accident, a night of excessive drinking, or naturally dur to medical circumstances. If you’re reading this article after a scare involving alcohol and driving, then you might want to look up a DUI accident attorney. Here’s how to properly perform CPR. 

Step 1: First Hand Position

Make sure the individual is lying on their back before you begin. They must be laying on a firm surface, one that keeps their spine aligned. If both of those boxes are checked, begin by placing the heel of your dominant hand directly on the center of their chest. 

Step 2: Second Hand Position

Place your second hand overtop of the first and interlock your fingers. You need to make sure your arms are straight and that the heel of your dominant hand is pushing into the chest. Keep your fingers raised so they are not pressing into the person’s rib cage. 

Step 3: Compressions

Begin by leaning forward, keeping your shoulders directly over the chest. From here, you need to press down roughly two inches before releasing any pressure and letting the chest rise back up. You need to repeat this process 30 times.

It’s also important to keep a constant rate of 100 compressions per minute. Those are done in intervals of 30. If you’re unsure of how to keep the pace going, compress to the tune of “Stain’ Alive” by the Bee Gees. It sounds silly, but it works. 

Step 4: Open the Airway

After speaking with a New Orleans car accident attorney, training for this skill is vital. However, the AHA recently noted that those without CPR certification should initiate a hands-only variety in life saving situations. If you don’t have the proper certification, stop at step three. 

Step four involves opening the airways. Begin by tilting the head back and lifting the chin, letting the mouth fall slightly open. Don’t force the head back too hard, but apply enough pressure to create the tilt. 

Step 5: Breathing

Now that the mouth is open, pinch the nostrils closed with the hand you used to tilt back the forehead. Inhale, then blow into the person’s mouth until you see their chest rise. It’s important to support the chin during this step.

Step 6: Check Breathing

Once you’re done with step five, remove your mouth and look to see if the person’s chest falls back down. You should repeat steps five and six one time each. From there, repeat the chest compressions again before you administer another breath. 

As you repeat the process, keep an eye out for the person beginning to breathe on their own. This may happen slowly or with a sudden jump back to consciousness. If the person does not recover, continue to repeat your set of 30 compressions